In the final phase, members must face the end of the task/exercise and decide whether or not to apply their experience to cooperation with other groups to which they may belong and to the future activities of the current group. Successful group actions in solving problems and solving group goals often depend on understanding some basic principles about how people behave in groups and the behaviours you need to encourage as a leader. Start communicating your expectations with the group early and modeling and strengthening them throughout the problem-solving process. Once the group has met, conflicts can arise on topics such as power, leadership, goals and attention. These potential problems can be minimized by setting standards and modeling desired behaviours. Group members often see each other as guides on standards of conduct, including the acceptable level of criticism and conflict and how differences of opinion are managed. Group members may have behaviours that do not contribute to group maintenance or task performance and that interfere with the effectiveness of the group. Examples of these non-functional roles are: in the third phase, conflicts are resolved and the group begins to function as a seamless unit. These functions include developing trade-offs, promoting participation, maintaining a supportive environment and managing individual problems. As a leader, you have both a huge influence and a responsibility to the members of your group. The nature and extent of interaction between group members is often determined by your ability to perceive, understand and influence their interactions. This can be a difficult task because group interaction patterns are not static. Groups are constantly changing and evolving.
A group goes through this initial phase when its members meet for the first time as a collection of people who are not familiar with other members of the group. During this phase, you contribute significantly to providing opportunities and a positive environment for initial group interactions. While the exact dynamics of a particular group are determined by many factors, all groups go through five basic stages of development: start by encouraging group members to introduce themselves. Never believe that people are familiar, and when you introduce people, try to think of one or two facts about them that others might find interesting. When we think of classes, we probably think of the student council, the society of honour, associations, teams, parliaments or committees. However, most groups are not as rigid as these. Each collection of people between two and two million people the size of a man represents a group when people are in the group: at the fourth level, the group experiences maximum productivity and participation. The members of the group recognize each other as important elements of the group.
Individual behaviours within a group can be studied from the point of view of their purpose or function. When a member says something, he tries first to accomplish the group work (tasks), 2) to improve certain relationships between members or patch (maintenance roles), or 3) first to address a personal need, without taking into account the concerns of the group (self-directed roles)? Make sure the message you`re sending is consistent. Your body language should not encourage behaviour that discourages you verbally. Some examples of these three types of behavior are: self-oriented roles (from a manual for student Activity Adviser by Ron Joekel).